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In the 2013 campaign excavation was undertaken in the largest cistern within the city walls, which is located in the Northwest Quarter.
Since methods for dating mortar have become more refined over the later years it was decided to have C AMS dating of 25 samples done in order to test chronology and relative phases in the cistern and the construction of the water pressure pipe system in order and clarify dating as well as possible relation between the cistern and the pipes.These results together with the archaeological evidence show that the urban development of Gerasa and its extension in the Roman period needs to be reconsidered and that there now seems to be hard evidence for among other things water supply in the Northwest Quarter dating to the Roman period which is earlier in this part of the city than usually assumed.Gerasa/Jerash belonging to the Decapolis region in northwestern Jordan is one of the most important Greco-Roman cities in the Middle East due to its state of preservation and the finds it has yielded (see e.g.Kraeling, 1938 and Kennedy, 2007) (The city was founded or re-founded in the Hellenistic period and thrived in the Roman, Byzantine and Early Islamic periods (Seigne, 1992 and Raja, 2012, 137–189).The site was also settled during the Middle Islamic period (Blanke et al., 2007, Walmsley, 2008 and Lichtenberger and Raja, in press).After a period of more or less abandonment it was resettled and used for agricultural production from the late 19th century onwards by Circassian settlers.
The city was continuously disturbed by heavy earthquakes from the late Roman period onwards.Extensive excavations were conducted in Jerash by international expeditions in the 1920s and 1930s and since the 1980s (see the summaries by as well as the collection of articles in the journal Syria 66, 1989).Jerash (Gerasa) in northwestern Jordan is an important Decapolis city displaying urban development for more than a millennium beginning in the late Hellenistic period (1st century CE).Despite more than a hundred years of archaeological explorations at the site there are still major questions about the city's urban development which are left open due to the nature of the archaeological investigations undertaken at the site.This in particular pertains to questions about the city's extension in the Roman period.During the investigations undertaken by the Danish–German Northwest Quarter Project since 2011 it has become clear that this area of the city partly has undergone extensive phases of reuse and therefore a strict chronology is difficult to obtain through the archaeological strata themselves.